Understanding Hypertension:

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

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Understanding High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. In this article, we'll delve into its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.

What is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure is a condition where the force of blood against the walls of your arteries is consistently too high. Over time, this can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and other health problems[1].

Etiology: Causes of High Blood Pressure

There are several factors and conditions that can lead to high blood pressure. These are divided into two main categories:

1. Primary (essential) hypertension

This type of hypertension has no identifiable cause and develops over many years. It's the most common type of high blood pressure[2].

2. Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying condition and appears suddenly. Causes can include:

  • Kidney problems
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Certain congenital blood vessel defects
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, pain relievers, and some prescription drugs

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels[3]. However, some people may experience:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nosebleeds

Diagnosing High Blood Pressure

To diagnose high blood pressure, healthcare professionals use a sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure. It's usually measured in a doctor's office, but sometimes ambulatory blood pressure monitoring might be used to measure blood pressure over a 24-hour period[4].

Treatment for High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure treatment usually involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes.

1. Medication

There are several types of medications used to treat high blood pressure, including:

  • Diuretics
  • Beta-blockers
  • ACE inhibitors
  • Calcium channel blockers

2. Lifestyle changes

Some of the recommended changes include:

  • Eating a healthy diet with less salt
  • Exercising regularly
  • Limiting alcohol intake
  • Managing stress


High blood pressure is a serious condition that requires attention. With proper treatment and lifestyle changes, it can be managed effectively. Always consult with a healthcare professional to develop the best plan for you.

To learn more, call 623-1000 to book an appointment with our medical expert or Text/WhatsApp Dr. Kwinter (324-2424) directly.


  1. American Heart Association: The Facts About High Blood Pressure
  2. Mayo Clinic: High blood pressure (hypertension)
  3. WebMD: Understanding High Blood Pressure - the Basics
  4. NHS: Blood pressure test

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